New Generation Of Public Transport Vehicles For Replacing Diesel Buses
Technical director of Ganz-Skoda Electric Ltd, Budapest Hungary
Executive Board member of IEEE Industry Application Society
The big cities all over the word are suffering from the permanent traffic jams and the increasing air pollution generated by the vehicles driven by combustion engines. The obsolete diesel buses serve as the base of the public transport facilities and mostly they are responsible for the majority of the air pollution. The new technologies for substituting the old fleets with less emission rate and lower energy consumption are available but the financial resources for the change are very limited and there are more different conditions that can influence the selection of the right public transport systems. The lecture has a short overview on the history of the electric vehicles and introduces the latest technologies with comparison, as well as, the possibility of their application in environment-friend rubber wheel vehicles. At the end there is an outlook to the expected trends in public transport.
Plug-in Electric Vehicles – State of Technology and Market Perspectives
Faculty of Technical Sciences, Novi Sad, Serbia
Transportation sector is contributing in great percentage (23%) to GHG emission in EU countries. In order to reach EU 202020 targets significant efforts to reduce vehicles´ exhausting gases have been made. Plug-in vehicles are foreseen as a part of solution, as it is expected that their share in GHG emission will be decreased below 10% in 2050. In the paper, an overview of plug-in vehicles technologies is presented. All systems are classified and details of electric power processing units are given. Special attention is placed to market perspectives of presented solutions. A review of present state in plug-in passenger cars production and prediction for coming years are given.
Toward Intelligent Driver-Assist Technologies and Piloted Driving: Overview, Motivation and Challenges
Milos Pilipovic, Danijel Spasojevic, Ivan Velikic, Nikola Teslic
RT-RK Institute, Novi Sad, Serbia
In this paper we present an extensive literature review on the research progresses in Intelligent Driver-Assistance Systems (IDAS). IDAS monitor the car’s environment and driving behaviour to identify and avoid a potentially dangerous situations at an early stage without human input. Based on intelligent sensor fusion technology with full or partial context-aware autonomy in decision-making IDAS aim to combat obstacles in a traffic scene using various advanced control systems such as Adaptive Cruise Control, Collision Avoidance System, Driver Drowsiness Detection System, Parking Assistance System, Lane Departure Warning System. Several adaptive safety control systems have been proposed and discussed as well as their interoperability issues to address different aspects in road situation analysis. Any autonomous advanced control system manufacturers launches should be selectable by the driver. In addition, the implementation complexity is analyzed. At the end of the paper we envision some research directions. To the best of our knowledge series-built vehicles with a piloted driving function will be technically feasible this decade over the next two to three years period.